Tag Archives: controversies

Social Media

  • After reading this post about viral media propaganda, I can see how this could be exciting to Batman fans around the world, but the extremes that the host of this went through is unbelievable, and terrifying. Though these movies are exciting and the comics timeless one must always remember that they are in fact fiction. The reality of this situation, though it shows no reports of violence or deaths in the creation of this cosplay, it has lead to other extremes that have. And this post lead me back to the horrible memory on July 20th when a man, James Homes walked into a Colorado theater and opened fire at the premier of  The Dark Knight Rises.
  • When The Dark Knight Rises officially debuted across 4,404 US cinemas in July, some industry experts predicted a record-breaking opening weekend.  The Warner’s production had already earned almost $30 million from midnight screenings in 3,700 venues, some $11 million more than The Dark Knight (The Guardian). But it was not all glorious.

“A lone gunman walked into a midnight showing of The Dark Knight Rises in Aurora, Colorado early Friday and opened fire, killing at least 12 people and wounding 59 others before police took him into custody in a parking lot behind the theater. The shooting — the deadliest ever at a U.S. exhib — prompted Warner Bros. to cancel its Paris premiere and forced theater chains around the world to add security measures as the Batman tentpole bows this weekend at more than 4,400 theaters in the U.S. and in 17 overseas markets.”  “Police say Holmes entered through the rear doors of the Cinemark-owned Century 16 theater wearing a bullet-proof vest, gas mask and riot helmet, tossed in two canisters of crowd-control gas and began firing at random. He was arrested without further incident in possession of a rifle, a shotgun and a handgun; another handgun was found in his white Hyundai, which was parked behind the theater.”

  • Though no one could have anticipated such a violent act, an official statement was released, “Warner Bros and the film-makers are deeply saddened to learn about this shocking incident,” the studio said a statement. “We extend our sincere sympathies to the families and loved ones of the victims at this tragic time.”
  • How far will people go to make fantasy a reality? and why? …
  • The Dark Knight Rises premiere cancelled after Colorado shooting,” The Guardian. 2012. http://gu.com/p/3972n

Viral Marketing Through Social Media Sites

by: Michelle Emory

In May 2007, a marketing campaign for the movie ‘The Dark Knight’ was set into action.  42 Entertainment, an American company specializing in creating and producing alternate reality games, set to work in creating one of the most intricate marketing campaigns to date.

This video provides a great summary of the campaign (way more enjoyable/exciting than reading my rendition, which I have mostly reduced/deleted due to it’s length).

Source: YouTube

A website was launched featuring the fictional political campaign of character Harvey Dent.  Fans could see trailers by earning them through emails.  A “vandalized version of the Harvey Dent site encouraged fans to send emails in order to slowly remove pixels, revealing the first official image of the Joker.  The campaign even went as far as to send fans on scavenger hunts to unlock teaser trailers, as well as images of the Joker.  The film’s website was…

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Cinematic Faith

Director Christopher Nolan on set
Director Christopher Nolan on set

I found an article online titled Cinematic Faith, within this article was an interview between director Christopher Nolan and journalist Scott Foundas. Not only did I find this interview intriguing due to my interest in Batman, but because I found it to be unlike any other interview. Not only are the questions asked unlike most that simply inquire into irrelevant information such as, what inspired this film? Who is your real life hero? Why choose Christian Bale? Instead they are more in depth and thought provoking. Christopher Nolan’s answers are perfectly to match, they are detailed and serious. His love for this trilogy and Batman’s history is evident. His ten years working on these films show his research and knowledge as he is fully aware of the political and religious aspects incorporated into the film. He talks about how this is a entirely different type of cinematic experience which has brought seriousness, darkness and realism into the Hollywood forever changing the way superhero stories can be told. And Furthermore, he explains the reasons behind his actions on some topics that may have interested you. For example, during The Dark Knight Rises Christopher Nolan made the decision to play “Star Spangled Banner” from start to end, and I loved it but I could never quite put my finger on it to say why it was so… perfect, for that scene.  Every time I watch this movie the suspense builds inside of me as this song goes on and you just know that something big is about to happen. Nolan described it perfectly as, “the scope and scale of the action is built from smaller pieces that snowball together so you’re cross-cutting, which I love doing, and trying to find a rhythm in conjunction with the music and the sound effects, so you’re building and building tension continuously over a long sustained part of the film, and not releasing that until the very last frame…In The Dark Knight Rises, from the moment the music and sound drop and the little boy starts singing “The Star-Spangled Banner,” it’s kind of like the gloves are coming off.”

As mentioned in my Post The Dark Knight I discuss Nolan’s use of realism, how he turned Batman into a more realistic version that we could all relate too, and this quote below explains how accurate I really was. Though, he uses the term “relatable” instead, he is saying how he chose to make Batman darker, but in the same way wanted you to be able to imagine yourself walking down a street with the Dark Knight suddenly swooping overhead.

The overall tone of the film is realistic compared to most comic-book- derived movies.The world around Batman is plausible and not particularly stylized or exaggerated.

The term “realism” is often confusing and used sort of arbitrarily. I suppose “relatable” is the word I would use. I wanted a world that was realistically portrayed, in that even though outlandish events may be taking place, and this extraordinary figure may be walking around these streets, the streets would have the same weight and validity of the streets in any other action movie. So they’d be relatable in that way. And so the more texturing and layering that we could get into this film, the more tactile it was, the more you would feel and be excited by the action. So just on a technical level, I really wanted to take on this idea of what I call the tactile quality. You want to really understand what things would smell like in this world, what things would taste like, when bones start being crunched or cars start pancaking. You feel these things in a way because the world isn’t intensely artificial and created by computer graphics, which result in an anodyne, sterile quality that’s not as exciting. For me that was about making the character more special. If I can believe in that world because I recognize it and can imagine myself walking down that street, then when this extraordinary figure of Batman comes swooping down in this theatrical costume and presenting this very theatrical aspect, that’s going to be more exciting to me.

In my post Introduce a Little Anarchy, I am discussing the “bad guys” and their similarities but what I did not touch on was their religious view and their differences. Here is a little taste of that.

And then you have the anarchy of The Joker, and in The Dark Knight Rises you come back with the followers of Ra’s Al Ghul who are trying to enact his plans by masking it as class warfare.

Class warfare but also in a militaristic, dictatorial approach. If you look at the three of them, Ra’s Al Ghul is almost a religious figure, The Joker is the anti-religious figure, the anti-structure anarchist. And then Bane comes in as a military dictator. And military dictators can be ideologically based, they can be religiously based, or a combination thereof.

In my post Introduce a Little Anarchy, I wanted to touch on politics within Gotham. What made this difficult was that Gotham is obviously a made up city so deciding its position on the political spectrum was all hypothetical. Yet the “bad guys” certainly expressed  political views that appeared left-winged via their actions and the rest of the film appeared to be right winged. At the same time, I mentioned that it seemed more about expressing and exposing some of the good and bad of each style. It satisfying me to know that Christopher Nolan did not intend this film to be “politically specific” and that it’s open to interpretation. I believe that to be the perfect approach as any specific political influence would seem inappropriate and there are very clearly two different views, not a specific one. To say that it was one or the other would be inaccurate and would have as he said, “ignoring huge chunks of the film.”

It was interesting to see the spectrum of reactions to The Dark Knight Rises, with some arguing that it was a sort of a neoconservative or very right-wing film and others seeing it as being a radical leftist film. And one of the things the film seems to be talking about is how easily the political rhetoric of one extreme can be co-opted by the complete opposite extreme.

Absolutely, and then you get into the philosophical question: if an energy or a movement can be co-opted for evil, then is that a critique of the movement itself? All of these different interpretations are possible. What was surprising to me is how many pundits would write about their political interpretation of the film and not understand that any one political interpretation necessarily involved ignoring huge chunks of the film. And it made me feel good about where we had positioned the film, because it’s not intended to be politically specific. It would be absurd to try to make a politically specific film about this subject matter, where you’re actually trying to pull the shackles off everyday life and go to a more frightening place where anything is possible. You’re off the conventional political spectrum, so it’s very subject to interpretation and misinterpretation.

When I saw this question in the interview I was very excited to see what the response would be considering I (while scared to death) posted my theory on the political aspects of this film in Introduce a little Anarchy.  In doing so I included how I believed Nolan to have utilized sympathetic elements when depicting the “bad guys” in order to draw in OWS types. It was more of a “food for thought theory”, I never believe that Nolan did this specifically as the film is not intended to be political, but more so that it simply fell under this desire to “pull the shackles off everyday life” and make things more frightening. As Nolan said below, this was written before the actual protest took place, but during the banking crisis of 2008 when everyone was in fear of the “what-if scenarios”. Therefore, as said “a lot of the ideas underlying the film come from a situation in which the economy was in crisis” drawing in people of a left-wing perspective.

When you were starting to write The Dark Knight Rises, were you thinking about what was going on with the economy and movements like Occupy Wall Street, in terms of the depiction of society on the brink of a kind of second American Revolution?

We were writing years before Occupy Wall Street, and we were actually shooting at the time that it arose, but I think the similarities come from Occupy being a response to the banking crisis in 2008. We were sitting there in a world where, on the news, we were constantly being presented with what-if scenarios. Like: “What if all the banks go bust?” “What if the stock market is worth nothing?” These questions are terrifying, and we were taking the view that we should be writing about what’s most frightening. We came to the idea of how in America we take for granted a stability to our class and social structure that has never been sustained elsewhere in the world. In other words, this sort of thing has happened in countries all over the world, why not here? And why not now? So a lot of the ideas underlying the film come from a situation in which the economy was in crisis and therefore even on the news questions are being asked—unthinkable questions about what might happen in society.

Within a few of my posts I was touching on how Frank Miller’s, Batman: The Dark Knight Returns Batman is often seen as a vigilante as apposed to a hero, or a watchful protector. Both the comic and the film The Dark Knight Rises express Batman’s dark side. I included this interview question because I believe it does a good job of explaining Bruce Wayne’s multiple identified and how they are all necessary in order to compose him as both Bruce and Batman successfully. While also revolutionizing the way Batman appears on film, just as Frank Miller revolutionized the way Batman was seen in comics.

Something you seized on is the fragmented identity of Bruce Wayne/Batman, which is certainly a central part of the character, but it’s much more present in these films. At the end of The Dark Knight on some level he senses that maybe he’s become the villain of the story, that maybe he has too much blood on his hands, and that Batman should go away and leave Gotham alone. Those are dark areas that no Batman movie really ventured into before, and they seem related to an interest you have in the dual or sometimes more than dual nature of identity.

It’s paradoxical, but in order to get at the duality of Bruce Wayne, we had to make him into three people. I sat down with Christian early on and we decided there’s the private Bruce Wayne, who only Alfred and Rachel really get to see; the public Bruce Wayne, which is this mask he puts on of this decadent playboy; and then the creature of Batman that he’s created to strike back at the world. By making him into these three aspects, you really start to see the idea that you have a private person who is wrestling with all kinds of demons and trying to make something productive out of that. I think the most interesting moment to me that Christian pulls off in Batman Begins is the scene at the party when he pretends to be drunken Bruce Wayne being rude to his guests to get them out of the place, to save them from Ra’s Al Ghul’s men. But there’s some truth to it which comes through, and you can see that in his performance. It’s an act, but Bruce Wayne as an actor is drawing on something that he really feels. It’s quite bitter, and I like the layers that Christian was able to put in there.

I would also like to link you all to this blog, The Von Weiland File as it was this blog that led me to this interview. And also because, they said, “December 4 I will be posting an my interpretation of The Dark Knight Rises to coincide with its release date. You can expect it to be heavy on the politics.”  And I find it interesting that everyone is so interested in the political side of Batman when Nolan blatantly says “All of these different interpretations are possible. What was surprising to me is how many pundits would write about their political interpretation of the film and not understand that any one political interpretation necessarily involved ignoring huge chunks of the film” and “It would be absurd to try to make a politically specific film about this subject matter.” I mean call me hypocritical, as I touched on the political side as well, but hopefully I successfully accomplished my goal of saying how it wasn’t politically specific as well … and if not then I’m just another pundit I suppose…but regardless I am interested in seeing this analysis especially since they have read the same interview as I, and are posting after reading it, as apposed to prior to like myself.

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Madness, as you know, is like gravity. All it takes is a little push!

American Political Spectrum

American Political Spectrum

Capitalism is an economic system (as opposed to a system of government) that is based on private ownership of the means of production and the creation of goods or services for profit (Oxford English Dictionary). If placed on the political spectrum capitalism would land around center-right. Capital accumulation is a central element of capitalism and competitive markets are also usually implemented on the basis of capitalism. There are multiple variants of capitalism, including laissez-fair, welfare capitalism and state capabilities (Capitalism).

A person who possesses capital assets has capital; they are someone who invests for profit in financial and business enterprises and are an advocate of capitalism or of an economic system based on capitalism (Oxford English Dictionary). A capitalist also refers to the class who own factors of production and derive an income based on capital gains, for example buying something and re-selling it for a profit which you may keep (Oxford English Dictionary). Which leads me to the American Project, drawing people in from around the world who wish to re-invent themselves in America in an attempt to spread democracy and capitalism around the world. This gets messy when one realizes that you cannot have democracy without free press and these can often conflict. Yet the message of the “American Dream” is still spread through the use of Hollywood. Interestingly enough The Dark Knight series seems to draw some attention to this idea itself with its inclusion of political views. Though not necessarily one in particular, as it is not a political movie or comic it is simply fiction, but they both remain very american, as superhero’s themselves are an american invention.

Bruce Wayne is a man of capital; his “Wayne Enterprises” has made him a millionaire. Although Bruce Wayne grew up extremely wealthy he is also the most self-sacrificing character within the film regardless of being the richest therefore wealth is not a moral failing In The Dark Knight trilogies or in The Dark Knight Returns. It is a tool Bruce uses for good, he sinks his money into charity and into the tools required to act as Batman, in order to prevent crimes the state doesn’t protect under its monopoly. Which in turn gives back to the city as he tirelessly tries to save Gotham.

A little comic relief from the heavy stuff... and back to it!

A little comic relief from the heavy stuff… and back to it!

I believe Gotham City to politically be placed slightly center right, with the status quo. There is a slight social hierarchy, with Wayne as we said being a man of capital, but the city is also extremely corrupt, and because of this our “bad guys” believe this economically based, pro-capitalism society and government unfit and in need of change. Also explaining why Bane’s first attack on Gotham is the stock market.

For those of you who have not seen The Dark Knight Rise, which is Christopher Nolan’s Third (and final) Batman film, you may or may not have heard this quote from Anne Hathaway as Cat Woman, “…You’re all going to wonder how you could ever have thought you could live so large and leave so little for the rest of us.” It was leading us to believe that an extreme leftist revolution was about to take place, but as it turns out only the “bad guys” held the leftist views, and the overall moral was that rapidly switching from a pro-capitalism society would ultimately end in disaster.

The “bad guys” mainly being Ra’s Al Ghul, Scarecrow, The Joker, Bane, Cat Woman etc., within the Nolan trilogy are trying to lead a revolution in Gotham through the use of anarchy. They are attempting to destroy it and everyone within it so that they can build it back up again anew. All in an attempt to upset the established order as The Joker says:

“…you know what I’ve noticed? Nobody panics when things go “according to plan.” Even if the plan is horrifying! If, tomorrow, I tell the press that, like, a gang banger will get shot, or a truckload of soldiers will be blown up, nobody panics, because it’s all “part of the plan.” But when I say that one little old mayor will die, well then everyone loses their minds! Introduce a little anarchy. Upset the established order, and everything becomes chaos. I’m an agent of chaos. Oh, and you know the thing about chaos? It’s fair!”

All these “bad guys” have one thing in common, they are all working under the same belief that the established order is flawed, and that they are going to fix it through their chaos and crimes, or should I say expose the flaws, not fix. It then becomes Batman’s job to prevent the crimes and stop the “bad guys” before Gotham is destroyed, leaving the citizens with a taste of the exposure without the total destruction.

In The Dark Knight Rises, Bane reads aloud Commissioner Gordon’s letter to the citizens of Gotham, and explains how Harvey Dent tried to kill Gordon’s son and Batman took the fall so that the city wouldn’t lose hope. Bane uses the truth as a tool to turn the people against their law enforcement by making them believe that the Harvey Dent Act was a lie and that these people have been wrongly imprisoned along with it. Then with a general vote the criminals are released; immediately causing chaos.

Furthermore when Batman has The Joker and refers to him as “garbage who kills for money,” The joker retorts with:

“Don’t talk like one of them. You’re not! Even if you’d like to be. To them, you’re just a freak, like me! They need you right now, but when they don’t, they’ll cast you out, like a leper! You see, their morals, their code, it’s a bad joke. Dropped at the first sign of trouble. They’re only as good as the world allows them to be. I’ll show you. When the chips are down, these… these civilized people, they’ll eat each other. See, I’m not a monster. I’m just ahead of the curve.”

Sadly, The Joker is right. Batman is dropped at the first sign of trouble and he takes the brunt for Harvey’s actions. Even in Frank Miller’s The Dark Knight Returns he is seen as a vigilante for taking the law into his own hands in ways the law enforcement cannot. Moreover the civilized people do turn on each other as well, this is proven in The Dark Knight Rises when Bane releases the inmates and it becomes every man for them self. As well, in The Dark Knight Returns, throughout pages 179-181 we are seeing news clips of people trying to justifying their horrific actions towards one another based on their fear and panic, as if it was good enough reason to kill a priest or trample others.

In The Dark Knight Rises both Bane and Cat Woman wanted to overthrow the existing order. The difference between the former and the latter was that Bane reveled in the resulting destruction, while Cat Woman repented it. I am lead to believe that this was all for cinematic effect, to have subtlety and ambiguity rather than the clichéd ‘good guys’ and ‘bad guys’, hence why I have used the term “bad guys” in quotations this entire time. Regardless of their evil plotting, there are sympathetic sides to each character. The Joker with his sad tales of how he got this smile, Bane growing up in poverty trapped within that cell, and Cat Women acting as a Robin Hood figure who steals from the rich to give to the poor. I believe that Nolan included this sympathetic element on purpose to draw in the OWS types (Occupy Wall street, a name given to those protesting for leftist views, their slogan was “we are the 99% addressing the growing income inequality and wealth distribution in the U.S between the wealthiest 1% and the rest of the population” [Occupy Wall Street]) only to turn the tables on them and argue that the destruction of the current order leads to a worse result than the status quo. This is shown when Bane attacks the stock market, then leads a group of terrorist (criminals and civilians) to rebel against the government of Gotham.

Food for thought : “If I am not for myself, who will be? If I am only for myself, what am I?” – Hillel, Pirke Avot

  • “Capitalism,” Wikipedia. 2012.
  • “capitalism, n.2”. OED Online. September 2012. Oxford University Press. 2 December 2012 ;.
  • “capitalist, n. and adj.”. OED Online. September 2012. Oxford University Press. 2 December 2012 ;.
  • Miller, Frank. Batman: the Dark Knight returns. New York, N.Y.: DC Comics, 2002. Print.
  • “Occupy Wall Street,” Wikipedia. 2012.
  • The Dark Knight Rises. Dir. Christopher Nolan. Perf. Christian Bale, Anne Hathaway. Warner Bros., 2012. DVD.
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A WOMAN. Christ Almighty….

One of the major differences that separates Frank Miller’s comic from Christopher Nolan’s movies is the very apparent rebellion against social controversies, and Batman’s fight for the rights of devalued identities. Throughout reading the comic, I kept tabs of all the different social controversies mentioned within the text and here is the list I gathered:

  1. LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual and transgender) controversies (Miller, 45)
  2. Racial controversies (Miller, 71)
  3. Gender Controversies (Miller, 73)
  4. War Controversies (specifically Nazi Germany war) (Miller, 106-108)
  5. Drug Controversies (Miller, 109)
  6. Religious Controversies (Miller, 111)
  7. Nuclear Weaponry Controversies (Miller, 119)
  8. Contraception Controversies (Miller, 129)
  9. Ethical Controversies (Miller, 102)

The main topic I would like to touch on is the gender controversies used by Frank Miller. I believe this relates to the civil rights movement with the focus on the women’s rights movement happening roughly from 1950-1980 (Mittelstadt). Such interrelated civil rights, antipoverty, and women’s rights work suggests that the period from the 1960’s through the 1980’s ought to be seen as a vibrant and forceful moment in the history of left liberalism in the United States (Mittelstadt). Therefore since this comic was originally published in 1986 when women began seeing the opportunity to be seen as equals; I believe it to be an, “advocate for change.”

Our initial glimpse of the gender controversies comes when two men (The Mayor and Gallagher) decide to make Ellen Yindel the new Police Commissioner of Gotham City, “the first woman- Ellen Yindle, brings with her an astonishing arrest record from Chicago” (Miller, 72). Not only is a woman being brought into a position of high status, but she is also being congratulated on a very promising arrest record.

Furthermore, by choosing a young girl to play the role of Robin over a strong male, “Batman” is making a statement and fighting for equal rights. Page 93 shows the debate between Batman and Alfred as Batman decides to make Carrie his new Robin due to her bravery, youth and intelligence rather than basing the decision on gender alone (Miller, 93). Continually throughout the Comic, Carrie (Robin), impresses Batman with her skill set and ability to learn quickly. For example, he tells Robin if she touches any of the controls on the “copter” she would be fired, because she “wouldn’t understand” (Miller, 122).  Yet, Robin’s decision to give the helicopter manual commands, ultimately saves Batman from the new police commissioner (Miller, 127).  This constant reminder presents the reader with the idea that we all have talents and strengths and therefore should be given the opportunity to be equals regardless of gender.

Frank Miller uses narrativization and takes the social discourse of society and its ideologies and turns it into a narrative providing a basis for intersubjectivity and understanding. His touch on controversies in a popular narrative spreads the word of equality.

Carrie Kelley as Robin

It appears that Nolan, including Robin in the final Batman movie, was an attempt to create a complete Batman mythology that touches on the most iconic elements of the Batman mythos. Though it differs from the Frank Miller Comic’s it does relate to other classic versions of Batman and Robin. When Robin (Dick) was made an orphan, he was taken on under Bruce’s wing as Robin.  He later became a Cop to learn more about crime before leaving Bruce’s side and taking on a role as “nightwing”. Similarly, in the movie, he uses an alias and becomes a rookie cop to learn more about the crime scene. We are also shown, through foreshadowing, his identity as Robin when we learn he knows the truth about Bruce Wayne as Batman. Since Batman is “Dead” at the end of the movie, this is symbolic of Robin leaving Bruce’s side and it is suspected, since he leaves his job as a cop, that he is going off on his own to fight crime.

John as Robin

  • Mittelstadt, Jennifer. “Philanthropy, Feminism, and Left Liberalism, 1960-1985.” Journal of Women’s History20.4 (2008): 105-131. Academic Search Elite. Web. 25 Oct. 2012.
  • Miller, Frank. Batman: the Dark Knight returns. New York, N.Y.: DC Comics, 2002. Print.
  • The Dark Knight Rises. Dir. Christopher Nolan. Perf. Christian Bale, Anne Hathaway. Warner Bros., 2012. DVD.
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